Majama et al. 2018

Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, Volume 16 (Number 3). September, 2018

 

 

Exfoliative cytology of the uterus and vagina during the follicular and luteal phases in one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius)

YB Majama1*, GD Mshelia2, Y Ahmed1, Y Abba3& HD Kwari1

 

1.                  Department Veterinary Anatomy, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1096, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

2.                  Department of Theriogenology, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

3.                  Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

The exfoliative cytology of the uterus and vagina areawas evaluated in one-humped camel during the follicular and luteal phases. This was carried out using intact genitalia collected from camels immediately after slaughter. A total of 86 genitalia and blood samples were collected and processed. The mean serum progesterone (P4) profile was determined and used to categorize the animals into the follicular (n=51) and luteal phases (n=35). The result of the differential cell counts of the exfoliated vaginal epithelial cells showed mean basal, superficial cells and leucocytes of 27.0%, 25.4% and 14%,  respectively being the most prominent during the follicular phase, while the uterine smears were characterized by mean basal (25.6%) , intermediate cells (24.6%)  and leucocytes (9.6%) respectively. During the luteal phase, the vaginal smears were characterized majorly by the intermediate (27.4%), parabasal cells (26.6%) and leucocytes (11.6%, while the uterine smears were predominantly characterized by intermediate (22.8%), superficial cells (22.6%) and leucocytes (17.8%) respectively.  The result showed that the exfoliative cytology of the uterus and vagina are similar during both the follicular and luteal phases in camels, and so cannot be used alone to characterize these reproductive period. However, this finding has a significant potential application in the use of vaginal cytology alone to assess uterine cellular changes without necessarily invading the uterus under field conditions in camel.

 

Keywords: Camels, Exfoliative cytology, Follicular, Utero-vagina, Luteal, Progesterone

 

Online Stats

We have 18 guests and no members online

Site Stats

Visitors
3
Articles
339
Web Links
5
Articles View Hits
722372